Clean water save lives.
Approximately 2.1 billion people in the world do not have access to clean water. Every day, 800 children die due to dirty water, lack of toilets and a lack of understanding about proper hygiene.
Women and young girls are particularly vulnerable to this phenomenon. Where there are no latrines, women are often limited to do their needs where they are visible or in the dark outside. In many places it is dangerous to do so, as the threat of sexual assault grows exponentially. This becomes an even bigger problem when schools lack water and separate toilets for girls and boys, which forces many girls to quit school when their get their first menstruation.
In many parts of the world, women and girls are also responsible for taking care of the home - and this includes the collection of water. Since this takes a lot of time and hard work, this reduces the chances of education and employment even more.
But things are being done!
For example, UNICEF are doing the following:
Contributes to and improves solutions for water systems, sewerage and large-scale treatment in water treatment plants.
Finds smart technical solutions and affordable methods for water purification and household rainfall collection that families in poor countries can afford and are easy to use and maintain.
Provides support for drilling new wells and installing water pump or manual.
Includes and installs water and toilets at health centers and educates health professionals.
Helps with and installs water and toilets at schools. This includes improving national standards so that there are separate toilets for girls and boys in all schools and also a toilet accessible to children with disabilities.
Educates people in rural areas about the importance of hygiene and having their own latrine so as not to spread bacteria that make people sick.